Frog in the garden pond – useful or harmful?

A pond in your own garden is a nice thing, but it can happen that a frog sits in the garden pond. Especially near-natural ponds attract the amphibians. But their croaking can be annoying.

  • Drive away frogs
  • Keep frogs away from the pond
  • Frogs in the neighboring pond
  • Harmful or useful?
  • natural reserve

During their breeding season – from April to June – frogs often croak very loudly. Both during the day and at night. In the long run this can be exhausting and lead to an argument with neighbors.

How can frogs be driven away?

Even if it is your property or your garden pond where the frogs have settled, you are not allowed to remove the amphibians yourself. Because frogs are protected (amphibian protection). So if you want to sell them, you have to contact the nature conservation authority responsible for your region. This then sends an expert to the water, who measures the volume of the frogs. If a value of more than 55 decibels (dB) is exceeded, the croaking is considered noise nuisance. A leaf blower generates around 60 dB of noise. If the croak is too loud, the frogs will be relocated from the office.

“All amphibians are protected by law and have absolute priority over other matters. The Federal Nature Conservation Act forbids them to catch, injure, kill or destroy their habitat, ”said the Nabu in Hamburg. You can find more information on this in Section 44 (1) No. 1 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act (BNatSchG).

Keep frogs away from the pond

If you do not want to use your garden pond but do not want to be colonized by frogs, you can also take precautions to prevent frogs from settling with you.

The measures must be taken between autumn and spring. As soon as the frogs make their way to their spawning grounds in the spring or have arrived there, you are no longer allowed to take any further precautions.

Bird-friendly garden: Make your garden bird-friendly. In this way you can ensure in a natural way that only a few frogs settle with you. Herons, for example, are natural predators of the frogs.

Put on a fountain: Frogs do not spawn in moving water. A fountain can therefore prevent the animals from doing so.

Remove plants: Frogs like to spawn on floating plants. Remove them from the pond before the frogs arrive. This makes the water unattractive for the amphibians.

Establish fish: Goldfish eat – if they can reach it – the spawn of frogs. This prevents the amphibians from multiplying and the new generation from visiting the same spawning grounds as their parents.

Build a fence: Enclose your property with a close-meshed fence or boards that frogs and toads cannot get over.

What can you do about the croaking of the frogs in the neighboring pond?

If your neighbor has a garden pond where frogs settle and croak loudly during courtship, there is little you can do about it. This was also confirmed by the Federal Court of Justice (AZ. V ZR 82/91). Frogs are under amphibian protection. You must therefore neither ask the neighbors to remove or fill in the pond, nor demand the construction of a fence that would prevent the frogs from colonizing the pond.

However, if the noise exceeds 55 decibels (dB), you can contact the nature conservation authority responsible for you. This sends an expert to measure the background noise. If there is noise, the frogs can be relocated. It is important that you inform your neighbors about this in advance.

“Incidentally, the disturbed neighbors are not entitled to compensation,” emphasizes the Nabu. An exemption for resettlement must therefore first be available – that is, there must be a significant amount of noise pollution. In addition, the position of the pond is included in the assessment. If it is a rural area, the croaking can also be counted among the local noises, according to the nature conservation association.

In addition, the construction of a pond – out of concern about colonization by croaking frogs – must not be prohibited.

Frog in the garden pond: harmful or useful?

A garden pond offers ideal conditions for frogs. But even if you have spotted a frog in it, it can happen that it simply disappears after a few weeks. Frogs are part of the small biotope in your garden, and you should be happy about them. Because with the amphibians, snails, worms and insects are on the menu. So frogs are quite useful as they free the pond and garden from pests.

Frogs are by no means harmful, neither for the pond nor for the garden. And if you think the little animals are disgusting, you shouldn’t even get a garden pond. Then, however, he will never be able to enjoy the evening singing that the animals sing on mild summer nights.

Amphibians: It is not always easy to see whether the animal is a toad or a frog - here the common frog (Rana temporaria). (Source: imago images / star-media)Amphibians: It is not always easy to see whether the animal is a toad or a frog – here the common frog (Rana temporaria). (Source: star-media / imago images)

The garden pond under nature protection

Frogs may not be caught, moved or killed. If a frog has settled in the garden pond, it is automatically protected. Relocation is only possible in exceptional cases, for example if there is particularly strong noise from the frogs. For this, however, as well as for the removal of the entire pond, you need a permit from the authorities.

If you injure frogs or amphibians – especially the species under protection – you could be fined up to 50,000 euros.