A rich fruit harvest can only be achieved if the trees are given enough water and care. Other things can also go wrong. What you can influence – and what you can’t.
In May, fruit trees need one thing above all else: sufficient moisture. This is why amateur gardeners should use the plants If there is not enough rain, advise the Federal Association of German Gardening Friends.
More water for bush and strawberries
Anyone who pours under the outermost edge of the branches has the least amount of water loss. Because that is where most of the suction roots lie underground. A lot of liquid is necessary, especially in May, so that the trees grow properly after planting in spring.
Regardless of this, shrub and strawberries have a high need because they are shallow roots. According to the Federal Association of German Gardening Friends, those who water the plants sufficiently can increase the yield by up to 30 percent in dry years.
No fruit without a blossom
fruit However, they only develop if the plant has previously formed flowers. If there is no flower, it may be because the trees are still too young, explains the Rhineland-Palatinate Garden Academy. Then patience is required. Less fertilization and a summer pruning can also promote flower formation.
Some Fruit trees bear a lot of fruit in one year and hardly any in the next. If you want to prevent this, you should thin out some flowers – if the tree has a lot of them. This prevents the tree from being wasted, explain the experts.
Pollen donors increase the yield
Now the bad news: Even if the tree is in bloom, the harvest blessing may not materialize. Then the flowers were probably not sufficiently pollinated. This can happen if it has been too cold for a long time and insects have therefore not made their way.
Hobby gardeners have no influence on the weather, but they can on the right partners in the area. Because some types of fruit require a different, suitable variety for cross-pollination – almost all apple and pear varieties as well as most types of sweet cherries.
Other plants are self-fertilizers – for example Currants, Gooseberries, blueberries, Raspberries, blackberries and most sour cherries. But even with self-fertilizers, the yield is higher if a pollen-donating partner tree is nearby. This should be within 50 meters and flower for some time at the same time as the tree to be fertilized.