History of medicinal dishes

The advent of medicinal food

Yakuzen was born in China about 3000 years ago, dating back to BC. Around that time, a legendary Chinese figure named “Shinno” appeared, and Shinno brought the existing plants into his mouth.

Take turns to check which plants are good for starvation and which plants are good for you when you are sick. We tested each of them to see if they contained toxins and how effective they were as a raw medicine.

Shinno is also known as the ancestor of biopharmaceuticals, and the oldest remaining book, “Shinno Honzokyo”, summarizes information about the plants that Shinno has confirmed. It is one thing.

Three drugs: classy, ​​medium, and vulgar

Drugs are classified into three categories in “Shinno Honsokyo”. It is an elegant product that can be eaten for a long time without problems and can be immortal, and is a product that has just been used as a remedy in case of illness. Those included are classified as vulgar.

Most of the elegant foods that can be eaten for immortality are plant-based edible plants, such as Korean carrots, natsume, sesame seeds, kucos and sweet potatoes. It became. These are still everyday foods in China.

Four types of doctors: food doctor, sick doctor, ulcer doctor, veterinarian

There is a book about the classification of doctors in “Shurai”, a book written in the Zhou Dynasty. In this book, doctors are divided into four categories: “food doctor”, “sick doctor”, “ulcer doctor”, and “veteran doctor”.

“Surgery” means a doctor, “ulcer” means a surgeon, and “endocrinologist” means the same veterinarian. So, what does “food doctor”, an inaudible field in Japan, mean?

What is a food doctor

A “food doctor” is a doctor who thinks about and manages the daily meals provided for the emperor. It is the “food doctor” responsible for managing the emperor’s diet and health so that he can live a long and healthy life without getting sick. In the Zhou Dynasty, this “food doctor” who could be sent to the emperor was considered to be the highest rank of the doctor.

Thereby, it can be seen that since ancient times in China existed the concept of prevention by diet that the diet made the body healthy. In addition, the “food doctor” is highest ranked as a doctor rather than a “sick doctor” who takes care of after illness. As can be seen, in China, preventing the onset of a disease before it becomes a highly medically important disease is called “pre-cure”.

Basic rules for meals also existed during the Han period

According to the Chinese medical book “Koutei Daikei Somon” written in the Han period, “Grain is nourished, five fruits are saved, and five cattle benefit.” After that, adding five types of vegetables, if you adjust the taste and serve the spirit, you will supplement the essence and benefit “.

Grains refer to cereals, fruit refers to fruit, livestock refers to meat, and vegetables refers to vegetables. It is written that if you combine these well and eat a balance instead of just eating the same foods, you can replenish energy and boost your body energy.

Even in modern times, it is said that it is important to eat meat, vegetables, carbohydrates and fruits in a balance, considering the nutrients contained in each. In China, it can be seen that the importance of having a balanced diet has been emphasized since the Han Dynasty.

“Honzo Komoku”

In the 16th century, a book on medicine was published covering almost all of the foods that we still eat. “Honzo Komoku” was written by a scholar named Rijichin, and the effects of various foods were written on his own experience.

Here you will find a very detailed summary of the properties, medicinal properties, indications, contraindications and usage of 1,897 kinds of things, including not only plants and animals but also minerals. .

Ministry of Chinese Medicine

In China, not only diets that use food to improve illness and physical condition, but Chinese medicines that incorporate Chinese herbs into their dishes are also grown copper. time. Here are some raw medicines that are still commonly used in Chinese cooking. They are not only used as Chinese herbal medicine in restaurants, but also commonly used for cooking in ordinary Chinese households.

Elegant (jobon)

Natsume, Kuko, Hatomugi, Satsumaimo, etc.

Average quality (chubon)

Ginger, spring onion, apricot, crow plum (* 1), toki (* 2), mother shell (* 3), deer ear (* 4), etc.

Vulgar (gebon)

Bushi (* 5), half summer (* 6), ream (* 7), etc.

* 1 Ubai: Plums processed
* 2 Toki: Dried root of a tree of the genus Touki of the Seri family
* 3 Mother sheath (baimo): Another name for Amigasayuri
* 4 Rokujo: Dried male horn of the Manchurian red deer or the Manchurian deer of the deer family
* 5 Bushi: Sinatrikabuto’s dried root belongs to the Kinpouge family
* 6 Half of Summer (hange): Dried except for the outer skin of a root of the Satoimo Karasubishaku family
* 7 Renkyo: Dried fruit of Renkyo and Shinarengyo of the Mokusei family.

In this way, in China, the idea of ​​the same food and medicine source has been inherited uninterruptedly since the BCE, and spontaneously incorporated into today’s civilian life in China. The unaffected idea of ​​eating balanced healthy foods to prevent disease is still prevalent among the Chinese people.

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