How to grow eggplant taught by a farmer If you become a master, you will also be the hero of the vegetable garden !?

It seems that most people are growing eggplant in their home garden, but only a handful are showing their initial ability at 50%.
Seedlings usually sold around the end of April are sown around January to February. Looking at the year of the eggplant, from August to September, the branches and leaves grow rapidly and grow with a long, colder weather and at the end the same is slow to grow.
Also, as the branches and leaves grow thicker, the flowers will grow in succession and bear fruit, so if you can highlight the true characteristics of the eggplant family, you can easily harvest 100 or more. than with an eggplant variety. You will be able to.

Rooting period of plants

Recently, summer vegetable seedlings have been on shelves since mid-April.
The seedling industry is competing on selling early every year, selling early but not buying back. I will be told. Having good seedlings is essential. At least we cannot grow unsold seedlings of poor quality for a year, so we have to buy them when they are sold.

Do not rush to prepare the field from the moment you buy it, or plant it early. Even after Golden Week in May, it will be enough, and the eggplant grown under favorable conditions will quickly overtake early-grown eggplant under adverse conditions.
The seedlings are small, if they are tall, thin stem, and small leaves, you should not choose when they are blooming and look able to be harvested immediately.

Prepare the field as soon as possible to keep the soil in good condition. The ridges will be used until November, so do your best. As it will be cultivated for a long time, it is advisable to cover the ground with vinyl or straw.

Can be planted continuously as long as the seedlings are resistant to the disease. If you are unsure of a rootstock from a home central seedling, choose). The worries about the worst and the worst were alleviated.

On average, strips of 20 to 30 cm in height and 130 cm in width were set up and planted 60 to 80 cm apart. If you create two

Even 50 cm between stock is pretty good. If you make 3-4 pieces, the gap will fill between 70-90 cm.

* 2 Cut branches: is the method of planting an extra bud outside the main branch as the second main branch. By increasing the number of main branches, 3 tails, 4 tails, and so on

It is recommended that you put a pinch of seed-type insecticide into the planting hole to avoid harm like Abramushi’s natural enemy during this period about 20 days after planting. The growth after that is completely different.

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Trimming (attracting / trimming)

It will take about a month to get out of the lantern. In the meantime, let’s build a solid prop.

* Attraction: Fix the stem and branches with spigot to prevent falling and adjust the growth direction.
In the vegetable garden, many people have created many different craftsmanship. You can also visit other fields or search the Internet to see what kind of tailoring you are working on.

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It’s cheap and easy to assemble, and you can assemble it right before drawing. However, many people have experience that they are susceptible to high winds and falls during farming. Adjust by adding extra reinforcement to the stand or pulling it with wire.

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No matter what luck it is, it won’t fall down.
Basically, all the extra buds below the first flower (the first flower to bloom) is removed. It is often said that it should be taken as small as possible, but actually, at the beginning of growth, the number of leaves is small, the leaves on the bud also have a force effect. There seems to be a big upside to early growth if you leave it on until you can see the third flower.

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Should pick the most fruit?

The most frequently asked question about growing eggplant is the fruit. In fact, cultivating eggplant isn’t so important, but there can be more advice as people are still motivated in the early stages of farming rather than in the mid to late stages of tremendous growth and intense heat of the harvest. Not.

“Best to pick the best fruit!” “Are not! Better to make it a habit!
True, there are many shapes, but the conclusion is “depending on the situation”.

When the leaves are big, the stem is thick, the tree grows well, the tree is strong, easy to lean toward growth called “nari” in which flowering, fruit-bearing, productivity increases. On the contrary, if the tree is not strong and has the most fruit, you must keep small fruits, the weak tree itself will greatly reduce yield. In some cases, it is possible to remove the second and third fruit to increase sales, you should ask the eggplant at that time to make a decision.

Fertilizer and watering

If you have 8-8-8 chemical fertilizers (the numbers represent the ratio of nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium) we will distribute about 50 grams per strain, a handful. For the first and second top dressing, it is necessary to remove the mulch or throw it into the bed even though the perforations are made, but the top dressing from the end of June should be enough to scatter the roads you normally travel. It is effective for. When it is hot, the fertilization becomes too large and tends to weaken the plant, but as long as you scatter it in the aisle, it will disappear.
And most of all, there seems to be more water shortages than fertilizers in eggplant cultivation. At the end of the rainy season, the more water you water, the more beautiful the fruit.

People who always have their leaves torn from mid-growing and can’t produce eggplant well are often very deficient in magnesium and calcium in addition to nitrogen, phosphate and potassium fertilizers. It’s called “bitter soil” and “lime”, but if you can fertilize liquid, try spraying through the foliar regularly. It can greatly improve.

Bugs

To some extent, Azami spiders and garden mites are acceptable. Both require specialized drugs. If you keep an eye on these two, you can use an inexpensive organic phosphorus insecticide (Sumithion, Marathon, etc.) at home centers.

Lately, even in professional settings, the use of natural enemies is becoming more important than spraying pesticides, and research is progressing. As a result, horse mackerel and spider mantis populations have increased, and the eggplant, which was rough and dirty in the second half of this year, remains shiny until autumn! What can be done in a home garden.

Companion plants: Plants that have a positive effect on each other, such as preventing pests and diseases and helping growth by planting them together.

Harvest / prune
When cultivating eggplant, everyone raises the pillar to attract them, but it often seems unfinished. Although saying that sewing 2 or 3, but eventually on the way, there were 10 or 20 people sewing, in many cases the trees were exhausted and had not yet achieved delicious eggplant fruit.

Basically, the harvesting and pruning of eggplant is always done in parallel.
If you do three, three main branches will grow straight and absorb all, if the tomato, remove the extra shoots growing on the main branch, but can harvest the eggplant with the extra shoots. ..
However, if you only harvest the fruit of the lateral buds, the branches will regrow from the lateral buds of the lateral bud, and it will quickly become dense forest.

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By repeating this, you can harvest the eggplant multiple times in the same place, and keep harvesting for 5 months without overgrowth. There is no need to perform a task called “regenerative pruning” to cut the entire tree that has become less fruiting in short pieces and restore it. This is because the warehouse doesn’t get tired of too much at once.