How to grow peaches taught by the farmer To eat ripe peaches!

When asked “What tree should I plant for fruit?” I often recommend Sumomo. Also attractive is that it takes less time than ripe peaches, but many people are impressed by the rich sweetness of ripe peaches that only need to be nourished to taste.
The picture below shows Sumomo’s growing calendar.

Basically, if you prune and spray the base fertilizer between November and December then you can expect peaches to grow in early summer. It is possible to harvest without bagging such as digging or repeated spraying of sophisticated chemicals.
However, because it is easy to grow, the tree itself is very strong and has a much longer lifespan than peaches (can continue to bear fruit for 50 years). Be careful where you grow, as it needs a relatively large area. One way is that you can plant it small in a pot and only enjoy it for a few years.

Plant tree

Selection of varieties

A single sumac tree does not produce much fruit. Since it is possible to contaminate even the pollen of the same genus Sakura (Ume, Anzu, Sakura, Momo, etc.), no fruit is produced in Japan, but it is still not possible to cross Sumomo. Not. Silently plant two peach varieties here. If there is no site, you can use the grafting technique to connect different varieties to create a single tree.
The following are introduced as the main varieties.

The most planted variety (in 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries surveyed). Easy to plant and high yield. Good compatibility with Soldam.

It is bigger than Hayao Oishi, the fruit is very delicious. Good compatibility with Hayao Oishi.

It has a lot of pollen and is ideal for polluting plants. The fruit color is also beautiful and delicious.

A premium-traded fruit with a high sugar content and super-large balls like peaches has been booming in recent years. Due to the unchanged price of seedlings, in recent years many people have lined up at home growing centers but it is difficult to set fruit and artificial pollination is essential. Likewise, along with the large “sun”, it is derided as “sun, Guiyang”, so be careful when it is easy to put on home fruit trees! (There’s a lot of consultations. I’ve heard reports that cherry varieties like Hollywood and biological cherries are good for pollen for pollination.)

There are many other varieties, so be sure to test for fertility before buying.
Despite being an old set, these two are still the most popular because of the good compatibility between Hayao Oishi and Soldam.

Time and procedure

It is often explained that peaches are planted in early spring, but as the planting calendar suggests, peaches, peach roots begin to flourish in February. In fact, planting in March or April is not good for first year growth.
Unless such an environment the plant will die in the cold season, it is best to plant it in the fall of November.

1 kg of organic manure (equivalent to 8-8-8), 500 g of quicklime, and about 15 kg of compost such as cow manure, leaf mold, put into the planting hole and planted. After planting, cut down so that the tree is about 50 cm high. At first you may be worried that you can cut it like this, but if you cut it down, the branches will grow better and it will be easier to produce branches later.

State of first year fall when cut at a height of 50 cm at the time of planting (variety: Hollywood)

fertilizer

Moto manure is sprayed from late November to December, when the leaves have fallen off. The purpose of fertilization is from root activity in mid-February to shoot development from March to April. If fertilizing is too effective in May to June, the fruit will not ripen easily, in severe case it will lose the physiological fruit.
It feels a bit early, but be careful not to be too late.
Approximately 5 kg per mature plant, calculated using organic fertilizers 8-8-8 (the numbers are nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potassium content). If you go around the outer perimeter of the tree while sprinkle it, it will be around that.
It seems that you want to fertilize in June or July when the fruit is full. If it seems very weak, I will add fertilizer in May, but it’s basically unnecessary. It was excluded from the cultivation schedule.
Around August after the peaches are harvested, we will apply an additional fertilizer, also known as “Oreigoe”, with the intention of thanking you for your efforts. Organic fertilizer 8-8-8 is spread about 1 kg.
There was no need to thank for some reason that Sumomo did not bear fruit. Sumomo is a type of fruit tree with a lot of momentum, so there are many patterns that the varan is too strong to bear. In terms of moxibcharge setup, “no snacks” can be expected next year.

cut

The main tasks in fog management are basically “pruning” and “pruning” in the next installment.
Growing a fruit tree of the Rose genus Sakura usually focuses on relative pruning, but for domestic fruit trees, the following three points should be noted and trials and errors should be repeated annually. . Please go.

Long branch removal (vertical branch)

A thick branch that grows right above it is called a standing branch. It doesn’t have a lot of flowers and gets worse in the sun. If discarded, there are not many good things like the tree getting taller, so basically all the fruit trees in the water are cut down.

Cut the head short

Basically, when pruning cherry trees such as sea urchins, peaches, peaches, apricots, most of the branches are cut off the tops. Cut strong branches to about 1/6 of tops, and cut weak branches to about 1/4.

Determines the direction of the main branch (controls the shape of the tree)

Branch is the main stem that makes up the skeleton of the tree.

Sumomo with a straight main branch (the branch highlighted in red) (Oishi Hayao 10th grade)

Look at the picture above, the main branch grows diagonally straight up to the right from the hairline, and thin branches with fruit growing from the main branch. You can see another main branch at the back, but this Hayao Oishi has three main branches. In recent years, the two main branches easy to handle have been the mainstream, but if you have enough space, you can increase the number to about four major branches.
Any thick trunk is initially a thin branch. In other words, the shape of the tree changes with just one cutting.
Because the plant has the “shoot predominance” property, the priority of nutrients for the shoots, the orientation of the shoots is determined by the location of cut. That direction, that is the fate of the whole tree.

Basically, you shouldn’t have the inward-facing shoots of the plant at the top. Be sure to cut off the outer buds in the direction you want to grow, leaving them at the tip.

Summer pruning

Looking at the cultivation schedule, Sumomo says that “bud differentiation” is around August and will bloom next year.
By that point, however, the peach tree should be full of long branches. If there are many long branches, lower branches, good work efficiency, full flower buds will not be exposed to light, so if you just cut these long branches before the buds differentiate, next year. The flower buds will increase, and the winter pruning will be easier.

Prune fruit

Peach growing is the main task, but not as difficult as pruning. About 25 days after the flower is in full bloom, you should be able to successfully separate the contaminated fruit and bloom to the size of a soybean seed and the fruit is damaged and yellow in color.
We’ll reduce the amount of fruit as soon as possible when we can see it. By doing this, you will harvest larger and sweeter pods.
Remove the pods about 15 cm between the pods, about as far as the fist between the figs. Using scissors is convenient, but you can also pull with your bare hands.

Bugs

Sumomo doesn’t suffer from pests like peaches, so it’s not impossible even without pesticides, but we wanted minimal control to avoid destruction and death.

It occurs mainly in April to May. The buds that have come out can be covered with the abram and die. If you find even a small amount, try to spray it as soon as possible.

It usually occurs mainly during the period of high temperature from June to September. In the event of an outbreak, feeding damage will continue until the leaves are gone, so remove it carefully until at least the bud differentiation in August. Even after the fruit is harvested, the fruit trees will still work hard to produce buds next year.

Sumomo is very wasteful when picking lots of fruits and tends to leave behind. If fruit sticks together when ripe, the larvae of the silkworm will creep into the gap and eat the fruit, so they must be sure to pick them.
Starfish disease: is a fungus that develops on fruit and rot, usually occurs in the rainy season. If it happens often, go to the agricultural cooperative or the nearest gardening store with the therapists and tell them “I have ash, so please give me a fungicide. EBI root bacteria. ” It is a silver bullet.

A disease in which the fruit becomes defective when it is still young. It swells up like akebi, but is due to overeating bacteria, so a “lime sulfur mixture” should be sprayed from December to February when the leaves fall.

If you know the charm of ripe trees, you will definitely change your feelings for Sumomo! If you are interested in it, why don’t you feel free to grow it?

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