Winter maintenance is very important to fields
Like different organisms that sleep in winter, winter is the season for the fields to slow down their activity and store energy for the next spring. You said that healing has important implications for human health, such as keeping the body cool in winter. The same goes for fields, and winter conditions are very important.
In winter, the soil tends to dry out and freeze, so if you leave the field just because there are no vegetables, the soil may spoil. So, before entering winter, it is necessary to prepare the fields at the same time with cleaning and cleaning. In addition, it is often easy to start tillage right before sowing in the spring, but it is important to start before winter. Preparing early can make a big difference in springtime.
The decomposition and fermentation process is slow during the winter, but the bacteria are also difficult to propagate, so by accelerating the fermentation over time, the soil microbiota will be stabilized and the soil will becomes resistant to soil diseases. For example, it is said that if you make sake in winter, the fermentation will take place more slowly, and you will be able to produce more delicious and refined sake. With this type of image, fields are fermented slowly throughout the winter.
How to clean
First, clean up all the vegetables you have grown so far. If the roots are small, only the roots should be left, but if the roots are large, later on will get in the way. If the vegetables are large, cut them into 20 cm pieces and place them in the groove.
If the stems of eggplant, chili and okla are made of wood, it will take time to decompose, so it is better to make them smoother to decompose faster. It is especially fast if you put it where people step on, such as aisle. By placing vegetables and weeds cut this way over the ridges, they feed microorganisms and protect the soil from drying and freezing.
Can cut vegetables and weeds be buried in the ground?
Occasionally, there are people who bury the carcasses (zanza) and weeds after clearing them into the soil and dispose of them, but there are precautions in this case. As carcasses and weeds become buried in the soil, soil mold bacteria increase to decompose them. Therefore, if you bury them near the vegetables, the mold can migrate to the vegetable and cause illness. Especially when a large amount of live plant is buried, the water content is too high and the air in the soil disappears. It is important to note that when the air is exhausted, the number of bacteria known as anaerobic bacteria that can survive in anoxic conditions, i.e. bacteria that spoil rather than ferment, can increase. If you want to bury them in the soil, keep them away from where you grew your vegetables, and if you have a lot of them, rotate them properly and let in air.
If you want to bury it in the soil, we recommend weed compost. Not only weeds but vegetable residues can be used in the same way, please try them out.
How to cure the soil
First of all, let’s prevent dryness and freezing, which is a major cause of damage to the soil. Cover with fallen leaves, weeds, straw, etc. to keep the soil from being left alone. By placing these layers 5 cm thick, the temperature and moisture content of the soil will stabilize, and microorganisms will become more active. They are also used as food for microorganisms and as a source of nutrients.
It is better to keep the weeds growing, as the soil will be less damaged if the soil is growing than if the soil is bare.
Also sprinkle rice bran or oil residue on fallen leaves and weeds. As a guide, use a few shanks per square meter. In this way, in addition to accelerating the decomposition and fermentation of the soil, it is possible to replenish nutrients normally lacking with only weeds and fallen leaves.
If you have ripe compost, it’s better to mix it a little early as you put it away. It may be about a month before sowing or planting, but if you add about a half before, the plant will get used to the soil and the ecosystem in the soil will calm down.
In places where damage such as nematodes are visible, pour nematodes such as marigolds into the soil together. It doesn’t matter whether the plant is alive or dead, but if you plant the raw plant, the mushroom will temporarily increase to break it down, so at least two months before sowing or planting. I will complete it.
During winter, the vegetables and weeds grow slowly, the insects slow down, and it becomes very quiet. However, microorganisms are moving slowly in invisible soil. Clean up and prepare the scene when it comes to sight.
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Next time, let me introduce Soyan’s challenge as a farmer who does not sell vegetables, including stories of difficulties and failures. expected!