What is underdeveloped farming?
As the name suggests, underground cultivation is planting large quantities of vegetable seeds that grow under the roots of major vegetables. By doing this, the vegetables will grow before the weeds that will initially grow from the roots of the vegetables, making it difficult for the grass to grow. This method was taught by a master of fertilizer-free farming, but the name “planting under the forest” itself is a word I came up with. The idea is similar to Grand Cover Plants, covering the surface of the ground with plants like grass to prevent weeds from growing, but the fact that vegetables are used in the field is a key feature never seen before. .
This method also improves the balance of the ecosystem by growing different species of vegetables in a small space. In summary, the following effects and values are expected.
Which vegetables are suitable for poor growth?
If the bush grows too large, it will hinder the growth of main vegetables, so picking when young. Therefore, vegetables that do not grow too large and those that can be eaten as thinly trimmed vegetables are suitable. For example, Mizuna, Karashina, Luccola, Wasabisai, Shandongsai, Harukiku and spinach.
How to grow poorly
1) Good treatment of the surface of the entire ridge
The seeds will be scattered all over the ridges, so turn up all the soil first.
2) Growing main vegetable crops
Growing main vegetable seedlings. The main vegetable must be larger than the growing vegetable to make it easier to grow the sprouted seedlings. When sowing main vegetables with seeds, it is advisable to re-plant the secondary vegetables after they have grown to a certain extent.
The main vegetables should be planted as high as possible since the space can be used efficiently and ventilation is not impaired. Horizontal vegetables and root vegetables such as pumpkins and watermelons are not very suitable.
Summer: eggplant, tomato, pepper
Winter: Chinese vegetables, broccoli, lettuce
3) Sowing vegetables for underdeveloped cultivation
Spread poorly grown vegetable seeds around major vegetables. A guide is about 2 milliliters per square meter (the quantity is shown in the photo above). After sprinkling, lightly mix the soil and seeds and spread dead grass and fallen leaves to prevent the plants from drying out. Finally, the idea is to hold the surface of the ridges by hand so that the soil and the seeds will stick together.
4) Harvest poorly developed vegetables early
If making vegetable beds too large, it will not be ventilated, hindering the growth of main vegetables, thinning early. Priority is given to thinning areas close to major vegetables.
Especially during the rainy season, it grows fast and tends to get clogged, so try to thin it early. On the other hand, do not be too impatient in the winter months, the tree is easy to dry and grow slowly.
Ideally, it should be thinned so that the leaves gently overlap. According to the instructions, the maximum size harvest is about 10 to 15 cm, and finished before reaching a maximum of about 20 cm. The point is to take the roots and pick them. So that the roots don’t harden the soil, making it easier for major vegetables to root.
What are the preventive measures?
The downside of growing is dense growth in a narrow space resulting in poor ventilation and sunlight. If thinned or thinned slowly, each tip becomes thin and tends to become poor vegetables, called “mature”. If you grow up, you will be less resistant to diseases and insects, and you will be more susceptible to their attack. Try thinning and pruning earlier than conventional farming methods.
The cultivation is under the soil that I introduced this time. It has many different functions such as preventing weed growth, but above all, the appearance of the field changes dramatically. I’ve always wanted to create a beautiful field where you can feel the dynamism and freshness of nature, but by incorporating cultivation under this substrate I feel that I have come a lot closer. to that. The atmosphere of the pitch will change completely with just this one effort, so give it a try.
◆ Next notice
Next time I will explain tips for growing a variety of vegetables in a small space. This underground planting method is one of the methods but there are some other points about soil preparation and combining vegetable cultivation so I would like to introduce. expected.