Prehistoric Ayumi of Shibaura and place / meat market, a businessman in the late Edo period who started a beef business

Ambition of Nakagawaya Kabei

Photo courtesy of Hakodate City Central Library

Advancing to Edo at 40 and advancing to Yokohama at 50

The first Toba in Tokyo was opened in 1867 (Keio 3) in Shirokane-mura, Ebara-gun (currently around 1-chome Kamiosaki, Shinagawa-ku). This was done by a man named Kabei Nakagawaya.
Kabei, who resides in Mikawa (now Okazaki City, Aichi Prefecture), along with Ieyasu Tokugawa, arrived in Edo at the age of 40 after studying China in Kyoto, and learned English while studying as the British Minister’s chef. Plan to do business with Westerners. Then, in 1865 (Keio 1), when I turned 50, I moved to Yokohama, which had just opened.

Starting a business selling milk

Kabei, who came to Yokohama, initially worked as a dust treatment, but soon became an American doctor hiring. The business opportunity that I captured is selling milk.
Knowing that the demand for milk from foreigners is very high, Kabei started a dairy business near Shukanbenten in the current Naka ward to turn it into a business. Through doctors, we deliver bottled milk to foreigners.

Become a British food merchant

However, when this business started to take off, milk sales failed due to the loss of the dairy barn in the fire. However, he did not fail and became a grocer for the British soldiers stationed on Mount Twante.
By the way, “Mt. Towante” is the name given to the British 21st Sniper Squadron in the area around the British Gallery in Yokohama City, located in the current “Hill Park with Harbor View” in.

Nakagawaya Kabei’s sells Western food

From vegetables and fruits to bread, from bread to beef

At first, Kabei bought and delivered vegetables and fruit, but when he became a friend of British soldiers, he learned how to make bread and immediately started making bread and biscuits made from wheat. Furthermore, when I realized the deliciousness and nutritional value of beef, and Westerners living in Yokohama often liked beef, I took action to make beef sales a new business.

Sales of beef in public stables

By the way, it is said that the first slaughter of cattle in a foreign settlement in Yokohama was held at the Yokohama Hotel in the spring of 1860 (the first year of the mannobu). In 1865 (Keio 1), at the request of foreigners, the shogunate established a public cattle ranch in Minato Kitakatamura Azako Minato. This is around Kominato-cho currently, Naka-ku.
From 1866 (Keio 2), Kabei started selling processed beef in a small port warehouse.

Open a cattle ranch in Shirokane Village

However, it was an era where there were no railroads or cars, and refrigeration / freezing technology was not well developed. Keeping the meat fresh from Yokohama to the British Embassy in Shiba Takanawa, the main delivery site, is extremely difficult. Immediately, I thought it would be better to set up a cattle ranch nearby, so I searched for rentable plots around the current Minato ward in Tokyo.
It seemed like a difficult task, but in the end the owner of Shirokane Village, Tokichi Horikoshi, lent us a portion of the field. Therefore, a barn and a beef shop were opened. Soon after, Kabei opened a “Sukiyaki shop” in Shiba-rotsuki-cho.

“Goyo beef” also opened

However, he was dissatisfied with the business’s success and realized that ice was needed to preserve beef that was easier to make and processed, and this time he started the ice-making industry. When starting a new business, I assigned the management and sale of the beef from the beef pot shop to Tokichi Horikoshi, who lent me the land, and also gave my name “Nakagawa”. This “Nakagawa” became a famous beef shop in Tokyo from the late Edo period to the early Meiji period, and it seems that a flag with the words “Beef Goyo” has been hung on the store’s facade. .

Meiji / Taisho / Showa no Toba

Then, starting with the opening of a public venue in Tsukiji in 1869, the establishment and abolition of private businesses and locations were repeated in many places due to urbanization and competition. among traders. It was.
In 1906 (Meiji 39), the law on the slaughterhouse was enacted, and in 1936 (Showa 11), the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, a site and a cattle market was built in Shibaura, which was a landfill. A livestock business directly managed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has begun.

Meat distribution in Tokyo started with the success of Kabei Nakagawaya

A Tokyo site opened up by the activities of Kabei Nakagawaya, an energetic businessman in the Meiji era. During the Meiji period, when world civilization began to spread, Western culture entered the Japanese life. As the Taisho and Showa eras descend as meat-eating begins to spread to the common people, the demand for meat and the importance of processing facilities for that purpose will steadily increase.
Also, it seems impossible to pinpoint the current location of Shirokane Village, where Kabei opened, in Kamiosaki.